alexa An evaluation of mathematical models for the effects of pH and temperature on ammonia toxicity to aquatic organisms
Environmental Sciences

Environmental Sciences

Journal of Pollution Effects & Control

Author(s): Russell J Erickson

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Available data on the pH and temperature dependence of ammonia toxicity to aquatic organisms were examined and their agreement with various models was evaluated. A model which considers alteration of the relative concentration of un-ionized ammonia at the gill surface failed to adequately describe either pH or temperature dependence. A model that assumes that un-ionized ammonia and ammonium ion are jointly toxic was strongly supported by the data on pH dependence, but could not explain observed temperature dependence. Temperature dependence can be described empirically by a simple log-linear model. The effects of pH and temperature were generally found to be qualitatively and quantitatively similar among fish species.

This article was published in Water Research and referenced in Journal of Pollution Effects & Control

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