alexa An extended mathematical model for reproducing the phase response of Arabidopsis thaliana under various light conditions.
Engineering

Engineering

Journal of Biosensors & Bioelectronics

Author(s): Ohara T, Fukuda H, Tokuda IT

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Abstract Experimental studies showed that light qualities such as color and strength influence the phase response properties of plant circadian systems. These effects, however, have yet to be properly addressed in theoretical models of plant circadian systems. To fill this gap, the present paper develops a mathematical model of a plant circadian clock that takes into account the intensity and wavelength of the input light. Based on experimental knowledge, we model three photoreceptors, Phytochrome A, Phytochrome B, and Cryptochrome 1, which respond to red and/or blue light, in Arabidopsis thaliana. The three photoreceptors are incorporated into a standard mathematical model of the plant system, in which activator and repressor genes form a single feedback loop. The model capability is examined by a phase response curve (PRC), which plots the phase shifts elicited by the light perturbation as a function of the perturbation phase. Numerical experiments demonstrate that the extended model reproduces the essential features of the PRCs measured experimentally under various light conditions. Particularly, unlike conventional models, the model generates the inherent shape of the PRC under dark pulse stimuli. The outcome of our modeling approach may motivate future theoretical and experimental studies of plant circadian rhythms. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. This article was published in J Theor Biol and referenced in Journal of Biosensors & Bioelectronics

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