alexa An immune-induced reeler protein is involved in the Bombyx mori melanization cascade.
General Science

General Science

Journal of Biotechnology & Biomaterials

Author(s): Bao YY, Xue J, Wu WJ, Wang Y, Lv ZY,

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Abstract In this study, we isolated two reeler cDNAs from bacteria-challenged larval fat bodies of the silkworm, Bombyx mori. A reeler domain spanned most of the coding regions of these two cDNAs, and their expression patterns were different in B. mori larval tissues. The reeler1 gene was strongly induced by Escherichia coli K12 and Bacillus subtilis in B. mori larval hemocytes, fat bodies and midguts, but reeler2 was expressed at extremely low levels in these tissues. We focused on the reeler1 gene for functional analysis. Interference by double-stranded reeler1 RNA in vivo led to reduced nodule formation in bacteria-injected larvae, while the injection of recombinant Reeler1 promoted nodule formation in reeler1 gene-silenced larvae, indicating that Reeler1 is involved in the nodulation response. Knockdown of the reeler1 gene significantly decreased phenoloxidase activity in bacteria-challenged larval hemolymph, while injection of recombinant Reeler1 enhanced phenoloxidase activity, suggesting that Reeler1 is involved in the prophenoloxidase activation cascade. Our results provide new mechanistic evidence about the melanization cascade in the insect immunity. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. This article was published in Insect Biochem Mol Biol and referenced in Journal of Biotechnology & Biomaterials

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