Author(s): Bouma GJ, Cloud JG, Nagler JJ
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Abstract In vitro cultivation of fish gonad fragments continues to be an important experimental approach to answer both fundamental and applied scientific questions. The aim of the present investigation was to test whether juvenile rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) testes cultured for a week or more were physiologically competent. Trout testis fragments (approximately 1 mm2) were placed on pieces of flat, culture plate insert filter, in a drop of liquid medium (modified Leibovitz's L-15), and floated on the medium surface in a multi-well culture plate. Culture plates were covered and incubated in air at 15 degrees C. Three different endpoints were used to test whether cultured testis fragments remained healthy and functional. First, a comparison of the histological appearance of testis fragments cultured in vitro for different periods up to 8 days with intact testes indicated that no differences were evident. Secondly, testis fragments incubated in medium supplemented with bovine calf serum (BCS) at concentrations of 2.5\% and 25\% BCS had significantly greater proliferation of interstitial and spermatocyst cells as measured by nuclear 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine incorporation. Finally, testis fragments cultured for 5 days and transplanted back into the donor fish underwent precocious sexual maturity in response to a regime of salmon pituitary extract injections and produced fertile sperm as determined by their ability to successfully fertilize eggs. These experiments demonstrate the utility of this method for in vitro culture of juvenile rainbow trout testis fragments. Copyright (c) 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
This article was published in J Exp Zool A Comp Exp Biol
and referenced in Cell & Developmental Biology