alexa An increased transforming growth factor beta receptor type I:type II ratio contributes to elevated collagen protein synthesis that is resistant to inhibition via a kinase-deficient transforming growth factor beta receptor type II in scleroderma.

Author(s): Pannu J, GoreHyer E, Yamanaka M, Smith EA, Rubinchik S,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract OBJECTIVE: Aberrant transforming growth factor beta (TGFbeta) signaling has been implicated in the pathogenesis of scleroderma (systemic sclerosis [SSc]), but the contribution of specific components in this pathway to SSc fibroblast phenotype remains unclear. This study was undertaken to delineate the role of TGFbeta receptor type I (TGFbetaRI) and TGFbetaRII in collagen overexpression by SSc fibroblasts. METHODS: Primary dermal fibroblasts from SSc patients and healthy adults were studied (n = 10 matched pairs). Adenoviral vectors were generated for TGFbetaRI (AdTGFbetaRI), TGFbetaRII (AdTGFbetaRII), and kinase-deficient TGFbetaRII (AdDeltakRII). TGFbetaRI basal protein levels were analyzed by (35)S-methionine labeling/immunoprecipitation and immunohistochemistry. Type I collagen and TGFbetaRII basal protein levels were analyzed by Western blot and newly secreted collagen by (3)H-proline incorporation assay. RESULTS: Analysis of endogenous TGFbetaRI and TGFbetaRII protein levels revealed that SSc TGFbetaRI levels were increased 1.7-fold (P = 0.008; n = 7) compared with levels in healthy controls, while TGFbetaRII levels were decreased by 30\% (P = 0.03; n = 7). This increased TGFbetaRI:TGFbetaRII ratio correlated with SSc collagen overexpression. To determine the consequences of altered TGFbetaRI:TGFbetaRII ratio on collagen expression, healthy fibroblasts were transduced with AdTGFbetaRI or AdTGFbetaRII. Forced expression of TGFbetaRI in the range corresponding to elevated SSc TGFbetaRI levels increased basal collagen expression in a dose-dependent manner, while similar TGFbetaRII overexpression had no effect, although transduction of fibroblasts at higher multiplicities of infection led to a marked reduction of basal collagen levels. Blockade of TGFbeta signaling via AdDeltakRII resulted in approximately 50\% inhibition of basal collagen levels in healthy fibroblasts and in 5 of 9 SSc cell lines. A subset of SSc fibroblasts (4 of 9 cell lines) was resistant to this treatment. SSc fibroblasts with the highest levels of TGFbetaRI were the least responsive to collagen inhibition via DeltakRII. CONCLUSION: This study indicates that an increased TGFbetaRI:TGFbetaRII ratio may underlie aberrant TGFbeta signaling in SSc and contribute to elevated basal collagen production, which is insensitive to TGFbeta signaling blockade via DeltakRII. This article was published in Arthritis Rheum and referenced in

Relevant Expert PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Recommended Journals

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords