alexa An indirect influence of phenylephrine on the release of endothelium-derived vasodilators in rat small mesenteric artery.
Clinical Sciences

Clinical Sciences

Cardiovascular Pharmacology: Open Access

Author(s): Dora KA, Hinton JM, Walker SD, Garland CJ, Dora KA, Hinton JM, Walker SD, Garland CJ

Abstract Share this page

Abstract 1. The possibility that stimulation of smooth muscle alpha(1)-adrenoceptors modulates contraction via the endothelium was examined in rat small mesenteric arteries. 2. N(omega)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester, (L-NAME, 100 microM to inhibit NO synthase) increased contraction to single concentrations of phenylephrine (1 - 3 microM) by approximately 2 fold (from a control level of 14.2+/-3.0 to 34. 1+/-4.2\% of the maximum contraction of the artery, n=20). The action of L-NAME was abolished by disrupting the endothelium. 3. The subsequent addition of apamin (to inhibit small conductance Ca(2+)-activated K(+) channels, 50 nM) further augmented phenylephrine contractions, in an endothelium-dependent manner, to more than 3 fold above control (50.4+/-5.3\% of the maximum contraction, n=11). 4.Charybdotoxin (non-selective inhibitor of large conductance Ca(2+)-activated K(+) channels, BK(Ca), 50 nM) plus L-NAME augmented the level of phenylephrine contraction to 4 - 5-fold above control (64.1+/-3.1\%, n=5), but this effect was independent of the endothelium. The potentiation of contraction by charybdotoxin could be mimicked with the selective BK(Ca) inhibitor, iberiotoxin,. 5. Apamin together with L-NAME and charybdotoxin further significantly increased the phenylephrine contraction by 5 - 6-fold, to 79.9+/-3.5\% of the maximum contraction of the artery (n=13). 6. Phenylephrine failed directly to increase the intracellular Ca(2+) concentration in endothelial cells freshly isolated from the small mesenteric artery. 7. Stimulation of smooth muscle alpha(1)-adrenoceptors in the mesenteric artery induces contraction that is markedly suppressed by the endothelium. The attenuation of contraction appears to reflect both the release of NO from the endothelium and the efflux of K(+) from both endothelial and smooth muscle cells. This suggests that the release of NO and endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor can be evoked indirectly by agents which act only on the smooth muscle cells.
This article was published in Br J Pharmacol and referenced in Cardiovascular Pharmacology: Open Access

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords