Author(s): Bolle WL, van Breugel J, van Eybergen GC, Kossen NW, van Gils W
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Abstract In this article a dynamic model of a continuous working UASB reactor is described. It results from the integration of the fluid flow pattern in the reactor, the kinetic behavior of the bacteria (where inhibition and limitation were taken into account), and the mass transport phenomena between different compartments and different phases. The mathematical equations underlying the model and describing the important mechanisms were programmed and prepared for computations and simulations by computer. The settler efficiency has to be over 99\% to prevent the reactor from wash-out. When the settler efficiency is over 99\%, the total sludge content of the reactor increases steadily, so the reactor is hardly ever in a steady state. This implies dynamic modeling. The model is able to predict the various observable and nonobservable or difficult to observe state variables, e.g., the sludge bed height, the sludge blanket concentration, the short-circuiting flows over bed and blanket, and the effluent COD concentration as a function of the hydrodynamic load, COD load, pH, and settler efficiency. The optimal pH value is between 6.0 and 8.0; fatty acid shock loadings are difficult to handle outside this optimal pH range.
This article was published in Biotechnol Bioeng
and referenced in Journal of Bioremediation & Biodegradation