alexa An O2-sensitive glomus cell-stem cell synapse induces carotid body growth in chronic hypoxia.
Molecular Biology

Molecular Biology

Cell & Developmental Biology

Author(s): PlateroLuengo A, GonzlezGranero S, Durn R, DazCastro B, Piruat JI,

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Abstract Neural stem cells (NSCs) exist in germinal centers of the adult brain and in the carotid body (CB), an oxygen-sensing organ that grows under chronic hypoxemia. How stem cell lineage differentiation into mature glomus cells is coupled with changes in physiological demand is poorly understood. Here, we show that hypoxia does not affect CB NSC proliferation directly. Rather, mature glomus cells expressing endothelin-1, the O2-sensing elements in the CB that secrete neurotransmitters in response to hypoxia, establish abundant synaptic-like contacts with stem cells, which express endothelin receptors, and instruct their growth. Inhibition of glomus cell transmitter release or their selective destruction markedly diminishes CB cell growth during hypoxia, showing that CB NSCs are under the direct "synaptic" control of the mature O2-sensitive cells. Thus, glomus cells not only acutely activate the respiratory center but also induce NSC-dependent CB hypertrophy necessary for acclimatization to chronic hypoxemia. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. This article was published in Cell and referenced in Cell & Developmental Biology

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