alexa An overview of bioinformatics tools for epitope prediction: implications on vaccine development.
Immunology

Immunology

HIV: Current Research

Author(s): SoriaGuerra RE, NietoGomez R, GoveaAlonso DO, RosalesMendoza S

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Abstract Exploitation of recombinant DNA and sequencing technologies has led to a new concept in vaccination in which isolated epitopes, capable of stimulating a specific immune response, have been identified and used to achieve advanced vaccine formulations; replacing those constituted by whole pathogen-formulations. In this context, bioinformatics approaches play a critical role on analyzing multiple genomes to select the protective epitopes in silico. It is conceived that cocktails of defined epitopes or chimeric protein arrangements, including the target epitopes, may provide a rationale design capable to elicit convenient humoral or cellular immune responses. This review presents a comprehensive compilation of the most advantageous online immunological software and searchable, in order to facilitate the design and development of vaccines. An outlook on how these tools are supporting vaccine development is presented. HIV and influenza have been taken as examples of promising developments on vaccination against hypervariable viruses. Perspectives in this field are also envisioned. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. This article was published in J Biomed Inform and referenced in HIV: Current Research

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