alexa An unusual photohaemolytic property of riboflavin.


Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Author(s): Misra RB, Bajpai PK, Joshi PC, Hans RK

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Riboflavin (RF) is a known photoreactive and phototoxic molecule. However, unlike other photosensitizers, it does not induce photohaemolysis of erythrocytes by itself. On the other hand, illuminated RF caused haemolysis but in the presence of serum or plasma. The kinetics of photohaemolysis in the presence of serum/plasma has been studied by monitoring the rate of haemolysis spectrophotometrically and morphological changes at erythrocytes membrane by scanning electron microscopy. We found that the extent of mammalian RBC membrane damage was dependent on the concentration of RF or hematoporphyrin (HP) (0-20 microgram/ml) and dose of sunlight (0-20 min). The RBC membrane-damaging potential of illuminated HP was not affected by the presence of plasma in the reaction system. Furthermore, RF showed a protective role against photohaemolysis caused by photoexcited HP if erythrocytes were preincubated with RF in the absence of serum/plasma. For mechanistic studies, biochemical parameters such as acetylcholinesterase activity (AChE) and formation of TBA-reactive substance (TBA-RS) were analysed in RBC and RBC+plasma under a similar set of experimental conditions. We observed about a 25\% decrease in AchE activity as a synergistic action of RF or HP (20 microgram/ml) and sunlight (30 min) in both cases (RBC or RBC+plasma). Interestingly, illuminated RF caused about a 125\% increase of TBA-RS in a reaction system consisting of RBC+plasma. On the other hand, an increase in the production of TBA-RS by illuminated RF was not observed in the absence of plasma/serum, in the reaction system. These results suggested that photooxidation of RBC membrane lipids by illuminated RF, under the influence of plasma/serum, may be one of the causes of membrane modification leading to RBC lysis.
This article was published in Food Chem Toxicol and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version