Author(s): Angelousi A, Larger E
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Abstract Anaemia in patients with diabetes, both type 1 and type 2, is a frequent clinical finding. The mechanisms of anaemia are multifactorial and often not very well understood. Iatrogenic causes, including oral antidiabetic drugs, ACE inhibitors and ARBs, and renal insufficiency are the major causes of anaemia in patients with type 2 diabetes. In patients with type 1, the cause is often an associated autoimmune disease, and screening for autoimmune gastritis, pernicious anaemia, Hashimoto's thyroiditis, coeliac disease and Addison's disease is recommended. Other rare causes - including G6PD deficiency, microangiopathic haemolytic anaemia and thiamine-responsive megaloblastic anaemia - should be suspected in young patients or when the classical causes are excluded. Early detection and recognition of the cause(s) of anaemia in patients with diabetes could help to prevent other clinical manifestations as well as the complications of diabetes. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Diabetes Metab
and referenced in Journal of Novel Physiotherapies