Author(s): Kagu MB, Kawuwa MB, Gadzama GB, Kagu MB, Kawuwa MB, Gadzama GB
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Abstract This prospective study was carried out between June 2005 and June 2006, to determine the prevalence and determinants of anaemia among pregnant women attending a tertiary Sahelian Hospital in Northeastern Nigeria. A total of 1,040 pregnant women enrolled at their first antenatal visit were monitored through pregnancy for anaemia. The overall prevalence of anaemia, malaria parasitaemia and schistosomiasis was 72.0\%, 22.1\% and 3.8\%, respectively. Mild, moderate and severe anaemia constituted 31.8\%, 39.4\% and 0.9\%, respectively. Anaemia was most common among the multipara and women presenting in late stages of pregnancy. More multipara and primigravidae had malaria parasitaemia than grandmultipara. Schistosomiasis, malaria infestation and a short birth interval as well as illiteracy are additional risk factors for anaemia in pregnancy. This study confirms the high prevalence of anaemia in pregnancy in this area. Appropriate intervention strategies are necessary to reduce the prevalence of anaemia.
This article was published in J Obstet Gynaecol
and referenced in Journal of Infectious Diseases and Diagnosis