alexa Anal and cervical abnormality in women--prediction by human papillomavirus tests.
Infectious Diseases

Infectious Diseases

Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research

Author(s): Melbye M, Smith E, Wohlfahrt J, Osterlind A, Orholm M, , Melbye M, Smith E, Wohlfahrt J, Osterlind A, Orholm M,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract A total of 151 women at risk of human immunodeficiency virus infection were investigated, to study the strength of the association between cervix and anus regarding the presence of HPV and cytological abnormality. An equal percentage of women had abnormal cervical (12.2\%) and anal (12.1\%) Papanicolaou smears. HPV measured by PCR was detected in 93.3\% of cervical squamous intraepithelial lesions (SIL) compared to 49.1\% of normal cervical cytologies, and in 100\% of anal SIL and 67.4\% of normal anal cytologies, respectively. After controlling for HPV-PCR status, immunodeficiency, as measured by a low CD4+ count and HIV positivity, increased the detection of cervical and to some extent anal squamous intraepithelial lesions (SIL). We evaluated how precisely an HPV test could predict cervical disease and found that the HPV-PCR test was slightly more sensitive than the HPV-hybrid capture (HC) test (PCR: 93.3\% vs. HC: 88.9\%), whereas the HC test was significantly more specific (83.6\% vs. 50.9\%), and with a much higher positive predictive value (43.2\% vs. 20.6\%). Similar results were obtained for anal SIL. HIV positivity increased sensitivity, lowered specificity and increased the positive predictive value of the tests. A diagnosis of cervical SIL was associated with a more than 3-fold increased risk of a simultaneous abnormal anal smear (p < 0.05). In conclusion, cervical and anal disease were significantly associated and almost exclusively seen in the presence of HPV. Immunodeficiency and HIV positivity increased the risk of disease in HPV-positive subjects. Hybrid capture, which requires a higher viral load than PCR to detect HPV, was clearly superior in predicting cervical and anal disease. Altogether, these findings suggest that a high level of HPV infection may be important for the development of SIL in the population studied. This article was published in Int J Cancer and referenced in Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords