Author(s): Nakamura M
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Abstract Benzodiazepines are among the most frequently prescribed drugs due to their sedative, hypnotic, anxiolytic, muscle relaxant and antiepileptic properties. Because of the high consumption of benzodiazepines worldwide, this class of drugs and their metabolites are frequently present in both clinical and forensic cases. For these reasons, the analysis of benzodiazepines and their metabolites in biological fluids is of great interest to clinicians and forensic toxicologists. This paper reviews procedures for multi-analyte single-stage (LC-MS) and liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) using different mass analyzers for the screening, identification and/or quantification of drugs, poisons and/or their metabolites in blood, plasma, serum or urine published since 2001. Basic information about the biosamples assayed, work-up, LC column, mobile phase, ionization type, mass spectral detection mode, matrix effects and validation data for each procedure is summarized. The feasibility of using LC-MS(/MS) techniques to identify and quantify benzodiazepines and their metabolites is also discussed. Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
This article was published in Biomed Chromatogr
and referenced in Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta