alexa Analysis of atrazine, terbutylazine and their N-dealkylated chloro and hydroxy metabolites by solid-phase extraction and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and capillary electrophoresis-ultraviolet detection.
Chemical Engineering

Chemical Engineering

Journal of Chromatography & Separation Techniques

Author(s): Loos R, Niessner R

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Abstract Solid-phase extraction (SPE) with the styrene-divinylbenzene adsorbent LiChrolut EN was investigated for the extraction of the s-triazine herbicides atrazine and terbutylazine, their polar N-dealkylated degradation products deethylatrazine (DEA), deisopropylatrazine (DIA) and deethylterbutylazine (DET) and for the hydrophilic hydroxytriazine degradation products (HTDPs) hydroxyatrazine (HA), hydroxyterbutylazine (HT), deethylhydroxyatrazine (DEHA), deisopropylhydroxyatrazine (DIHA) and deethyldeisopropylhydroxyatrazine (ameline). The optimum pH value for the extraction of the HTDPs from fortified tap water at 2 micrograms/l is 3.0. Recovery values with 200 mg LiChrolut EN are > 80\% for HA, HT, DEHA and 30\% for DIHA from 200 ml spiked tap and river water. Atrazine, terbutylazine, DEA, DIA and DET are quantitatively extracted by LiChrolut EN. The chlorotriazines are analyzed by GC-MS and the HTDPs by capillary zone electrophoresis (CZE) and micellar electrokinetic capillary chromatography (MECC) with an acetate buffer at pH 4.6 or a sodium borate-sodium dodecyl sulfate buffer at pH 9.3. The combined method of SPE enrichment and CE analysis allows the determination of HTDPs in the low microgram/l range.
This article was published in J Chromatogr A and referenced in Journal of Chromatography & Separation Techniques

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