Author(s): Mian N
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Abstract Hyaluronate synthase activity is localized exclusively in plasma-membrane fractions of cultured human skin fibroblasts. The enzyme activity of plasma membranes prepared from exponential-growth-phase cells was about 6.5 times that of stationary-growth-phase cells. Hyaluronate synthase from exponential-growth-phase cells exhibited lower Km and higher Vmax. values for both UDP-N-acetylglucosamine and UDP-glucuronic acid and higher rate of elongation of hyaluronate chains compared with the enzyme from stationary-growth-phase cells. Hyaluronate synthase exhibited an extremely short half-life, 2.2 h and 3.8 h respectively when cells were treated with cycloheximide and actinomycin D. The cell-growth-phase-dependent variations in hyaluronate synthase activity appear to be due to its high turnover rate as well as due to some post-translational modification of the enzyme protein as cells progress from early exponential to stationary growth phase. The isolated plasma membranes contained a protein (Mr approx. 450,000) that was selectively autophosphorylated from [gamma-32P]ATP in vitro in the presence of hyaluronate precursors in the reaction mixture and that also exhibited some hyaluronate-synthesis-related properties. The 32P-labelled protein isolated from plasma membranes of exponentially growing cells expressed an efficient UDP-[14C]glucuronic acid- and UDP-N-acetyl[3H]glucosamine-binding activity and was able to synthesize oligosaccharides (Mr 5000) of [14C]glucuronic acid and N-acetyl[3H]glucosamine residues. The corresponding protein of stationary-growth-phase cells, which expressed much higher nucleotide-sugar-precursor-binding activity, appeared to have lost its oligosaccharide-synthesizing activity.
This article was published in Biochem J
and referenced in Journal of Glycomics & Lipidomics