Author(s): Kinane DF, Hodge P, Eskdale J, Ellis R, Gallagher G
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Abstract Early onset periodontitis (EOP) is considered to have a substantial genetic basis, although the gene or genes involved have not been elucidated. The aim of the present study was to investigate possible links between generalized EOP (GEOP) and genes regulating expression of the cytokines tumour necrosis factor (TNF) and interleukin-10 (IL-10). Microsatellite marker DNA sequences corresponding to phenotypic variations in cytokine response were analysed. Genotypic variations in cytokine response have been shown in vitro for TNF and IL-10, and specific alleles are implicated in diseases such as systemic lupus erythmatosus (SLE) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Two microsatellites at the IL-10 locus, IL10.R and IL10.G, and 1 microsatellite at the TNF locus, TNFa, were typed for 77 GEOP patients in the West of Scotland. Due to the highly polymorphic nature of the microsatellite loci, a statistical comparison with ethnically matched healthy controls (TNFa, n = 91, IL10.R, n = 94, IL10.G, n = 102) was conducted using a Monte Carlo simulation for each marker. No significant differences were observed for any of the 3 markers, although there were possible indications of trends similar to those observed in SLE for the IL10.G marker. In conclusion, no links were found between GEOP and microsatellites at TNFa, IL10.R or IL10.G loci.
This article was published in J Periodontal Res
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology