alexa Analysis of opium use by students of medical sciences.


Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy

Author(s): Ahmadi J, Fallahzadeh H, Salimi A, Rahimian M, Salehi V,

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Abstract AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prevalence of opium use in university students. BACKGROUND: University health professionals and authorities are very concerned about substance use among university students. DESIGN: A survey with a representative sample of 2519 (1126 men and 1393 women) university students and opium use disorders assessed by means of DSM-IV criteria (Diagnostic Statistical Manual-IV Axis I during the year 2003). FINDINGS: Mean age of the sample was 23.8 year and SD was 3.9. Of the students, 110 (4.4\%) admitted using of opium once or more during their lives (9.1\% of men and 0.6\% of women; P < 0.01). Fifty (2\%) were occasional opium user (4.2\% of men and 0.2\% of women; P < 0.01). Nineteen (0.8\%) were current opium user (1.4\% of men and 0.2\% of women; P = 0.001). Mean age of opium users was higher than the remainder. Opium use was significantly related to gender (P = 0.001), and life stress (P = 0.04). CONCLUSION: These findings can be considered for preventive and therapeutic programmes, because early intervention during the formative university years may present an opportunity to reduce the risk of long-term problems, to decrease social and individual harm and also to promote public health of society. RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: These findings can be considered in clinical practice for detection and treatment of opioid abuse. This article was published in J Clin Nurs and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy

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