alexa Analysis of risperidone and its metabolite in plasma and saliva by LC with coulometric detection and a novel MEPS procedure.
Chemical Engineering

Chemical Engineering

Journal of Chromatography & Separation Techniques

Author(s): Saracino MA, de Palma A, Boncompagni G, Raggi MA

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Abstract A new analytical method, based on the use of liquid chromatography with coulometric detection, has been developed and applied to quantify risperidone and its main active metabolite 9-hydroxyrisperidone in human plasma and saliva. The analytes were separated on a reversed phase C18 column, using a mobile phase composed of acetonitrile (26\%) and a pH 6.5 phosphate buffer (74\%). Pipamperone was used as the internal standard. A high sensitivity coulometric detection analytical cell containing two flow-through working electrodes was used: electrode 1 was set at +0.500V and electrode 2 at +0.700V. The detector response was linear over a plasma and saliva concentration range of 0.5-50.0ngmL(-1) for risperidone and 0.5-100.0ngmL(-1) for 9-hydroxyrisperidone. The limit of quantitation and the limit of detection for risperidone and 9-hydroxyrisperidone were 0.5ngmL(-1) and 0.17ngmL(-1), respectively. A novel clean-up procedure of biological samples was developed using the microextraction by packed sorbent technique, which gave good extraction yield for both the analytes, with absolute recovery values higher than 90.1\%. The intra-day and the inter-day precision results, expressed by relative standard deviation values, were lower than 5.8\%. Accuracy and selectivity assays were also satisfactory. The validated method has been successfully applied to the analysis of risperidone and 9-hydroxyrisperidone in plasma and saliva of psychiatric patients undergoing therapy with risperidone. This article was published in Talanta and referenced in Journal of Chromatography & Separation Techniques

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