alexa Analysis of sugars in environmental samples by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.
Chemical Engineering

Chemical Engineering

Journal of Chromatography & Separation Techniques

Author(s): Medeiros PM, Simoneit BR

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Abstract Many environmental samples contain complex mixtures of organic compounds with different sources, polarities and reactivities. This study reports a method for the analysis of both polar/water-soluble and apolar organic compounds in several kinds of environmental samples. The analytical method consists of extraction with a mixture of dichloromethane:methanol (2:1, v/v), silylation using BSTFA (N,O-bis-(trimethylsilyl)trifluoroacetamide) and analysis by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS), a common device in chemical and environmental laboratories. Fifty individual sugar standards, including monosaccharides, sugar alcohols, anhydrosugars, disaccharides and trisaccharides, were analyzed for the determination of their fragmentation patterns and retention times. Recoveries (at three concentrations) and limits of detection (LOD) were determined for a standard mixture containing glucose (monosaccharide), sorbitol (sugar alcohol), levoglucosan (anhydrosugar) and sucrose (disaccharide), and they varied from 68 to 119\% and 130 to 360 ng mL(-1), respectively. The method was used for the analysis of aerosol particle, soil and sediment samples, and demonstrated its feasibility in detecting not only several important environmental sugars (e.g., glucose, fructose, inositol, mannitol, sorbitol, levoglucosan, sucrose, mycose), but also a large range of organic compound classes from other polar components (e.g., dicarboxylic acids) to apolar compounds such as n-alkanes. Therefore, the analytical method presented here demonstrated its usefulness for a better understanding of sources and transport of various organic compounds in different environmental compartments. This article was published in J Chromatogr A and referenced in Journal of Chromatography & Separation Techniques

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