Author(s): Jesty J
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Abstract The overall generation and inhibition of human factor Xa have been studied in pure systems and plasma to determine the kinetic characteristics of inhibition during factor Xa generation. Generation curves were measured amidolytically in a pure system containing factor X and antithrombin, which was activated with the factor X-activating enzyme of Russell's viper venom (RVV-X). The measured change in factor Xa level with time was fitted to a 3-parameter 2-exponential model to determine apparent first-order rates of inhibition. With antithrombin at 4.5 microM, the inhibition rate constant thus obtained was very close to the known rate of inhibition of exogenous enzyme. Factor Xa generation curves were also analyzed in plasma; however, to reduce interference in the assay of thrombin, congenitally prothrombin-deficient plasma was used containing 0.5 microM D-Phe-Pro-Arg-chloromethylketone. In plasma, factor Xa generated in the presence of phospholipid and Ca2+ ions by RVV-X, factor IXa, or tissue factor was inhibited more slowly than exogenous enzyme. The reduction was particularly severe with tissue factor activation, where the rate was 0.04-0.06 min-1. This protection by tissue factor was also observed in pure systems and apparently required factor VII.
This article was published in J Biol Chem
and referenced in Journal of Genetic Syndromes & Gene Therapy