alexa Analysis of the genetic encoding of oestradiol suppression of delayed-type hypersensitivity in (NZB x NZW) F1 mice.
Molecular Biology

Molecular Biology

Journal of Cell Science & Therapy

Author(s): Carlsten H, Holmdahl R, Tarkowski A

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Oestrogen (E2) has been suggested to be responsible for the female preponderance for systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and for exacerbations of disease during pregnancy. In lupus-prone (NZB x NZW) F1 (NZB/W) mice, sex hormones also influence disease progression, thus long-term treatment of NZB/W mice with high doses of oestradiol increases the mortality in immune-complex mediated disease. We have previously demonstrated that E2 suppression of delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH) to oxazolone (OXA) in NZB/W mice is inherited from the healthy NZW (H-2z) and not from the autoimmune NZB (H-2d) parental strain. In this paper we have analysed the influence of E2 on DTH and antibody responses to OXA in backcrosses of NZB/W mice and the NZB and NZW parental strains. Suppressed DTH was found in 15/16 (94\%) of female (NZB/W x NZW) F1 (NZB/W/W) mice treated with E2. In contrast, only 32/36 (51\%) of (NZB/W x NZB)F1 (NZB/W/B) mice treated with E2 displayed suppressed DTH reactivity. These two findings are compatible with a single, rather than multiple, dominant gene inherited from the NZW strain encoding for E2-mediated suppression of DTH in NZB/W mice. FACS analysis, using a monoclonal antibody recognizing the H-2z but not the H-2d locus, identified the H-2 expression (H-2dd and H-2dz) of the NZB/W/B backcrosses and revealed that E2 suppression of DTH is not linked to the H-2 haplotype of the backcrosses. Furthermore, E2 treatment of NZB/W/W mice, but not of NZB/W/B mice, significantly enhanced the serum levels of anti-OXA antibodies of both IgG and IgM classes. Based on our results it is tempting to speculate whether similar genetic factors for E2 sensitivity of the immune system may be of importance for the female predominance of human SLE.
This article was published in Immunology and referenced in Journal of Cell Science & Therapy

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords