alexa Analysis of the mechanism of lysozyme pressure denaturation from Raman spectroscopy investigations, and comparison with thermal denaturation.
Nutrition

Nutrition

Journal of Nutrition & Food Sciences

Author(s): Hdoux A, Guinet Y, Paccou L

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Abstract Pressure denaturation of lysozyme dissolved in H(2)O and D(2)O was analyzed using Raman investigations in a wide frequency range. The simultaneous analysis of regions corresponding to the molecular fingerprint of the protein (500-1800 cm(-1)), and the low- (50-450 cm(-1)) and high- (2600-3800 cm(-1)) frequency spectra, allow us to probe protein denaturation and the organization of water molecules. The pressure- and heat-induced transformations are compared. Both pressure- and heat-denatured states are obtained through an intermediate state characterized by intact secondary structure and enhanced water penetration in the tertiary structure. As a consequence of a weaker penetration upon pressurizing, it was found that the pressure-denatured state was partially unfolded compared with the heat-denatured state. The mechanism of pressure denaturation was related to the disruption of the hydrogen-bond network of water onto a set of clusters characterized by strengthened O - H interactions, inducing a hardening of protein dynamics. The mechanism is opposite to that observed upon heating, i.e., the softening of the hydrogen bond network of water inducing a softer protein dynamics. The analysis of the intramolecular O-H stretching reveals that pressurizing lysozyme aqueous solution favors the development of low-density water from the protein surface to the bulk, contrasting to the compression of pure water leading to crystallization of high-density ice-VI. This article was published in J Phys Chem B and referenced in Journal of Nutrition & Food Sciences

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