Author(s): Mesgarzadeh AH, Shahamfar M, Azar SF, Shahamfar J
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Abstract BACKGROUND: Maxillofacial fractures can lead to substantial long-term functional, esthetic and psychological complications. AIM: The aim of this study is to evaluate these injuries in a Turkish Iranian population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study of 170 patients with 210 maxillofacial fractures admitted to the emergency department of a central referral emergency hospital in the area over a 5 year period is presented. Patients' data included demographic information, etiology, site and associated injuries and complications. RESULTS: Road traffic accident was the commonest cause (40\%) and the age group of 21-30 comprised the biggest group (30\%). Mandibular fractures outnumbered midface fractures (150 vs. 60). Ramus (21.5\%) and zygoma (26.5\%) were the commonest fracture regions respectively in mandible and midface. Male: female ratio was 3.8:1 Almost half of patients (46\%) had sustained associated injuries most of which was soft tissue laceration of the face (17.5\%). 22 patient (13\%) had associated complication and the hemorrhage was the commonest form of that (9\%). CONCLUSION: It seems that road traffic accidents continue to be the leading cause of maxillofacial fractures and there is an urgent need to implement enhanced regulations and monitoring on motor vehicular traffic.
This article was published in J Emerg Trauma Shock
and referenced in Dentistry