Author(s): SnchezQuintana D, Yen Ho S
Abstract Share this page
Abstract Concomitant with the development of catheter ablation techniques for the treatment of atrial arrhythmias, there has been renewed interest in the morphologic arrangement of the cardiac conduction system. The first descriptions of the anatomy of the nodes and atrioventricular conduction system appeared nearly 100 years ago. Since then the subject has been controversial, possibly because of the early researchers' imprecise knowledge of histology. The components and structure of the specific conduction system in humans are similar to those found in commonly used laboratory animals. The conduction system is composed of specialized myocytes. Its atrial components, the sinus node and the atrioventricular node, are in contact with atrial myocardium. The His bundle penetrates the right fibrous trigone, then divides into two specialized ventricular bundle branches (right and left), which also are surrounded by a fibrous sheath that separates the specialized myocytes from the ordinary myocardium. Only at the distal ramifications of the bundle branches do the fibrous sheaths disappear, allowing continuity with the ventricular myocardium. Knowledge of the specialized myocardium can help in the development of potentially useful therapies for some forms of cardiac arrhythmia.
This article was published in Rev Esp Cardiol
and referenced in Journal of Cytology & Histology