Author(s): Vendola K, Zhou J, Wang J, Famuyiwa OA, Bievre M,
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Abstract In the study reported here, we investigated the effect of androgens on recruitment of resting, primordial follicles into the actively growing pool. Healthy, random-cycling female rhesus monkeys were treated with testosterone, dihydrotestosterone (DHT), or vehicle for 3-10 days, after which ovaries were collected for histological analysis. The first stage of follicle growth is the formation of the primary follicle, consisting of an oocyte surrounded by a single layer of cuboidal granulosa cells. The number of primary follicles was significantly increased over time in testosterone-treated animals. In situ hybridization showed that androgen treatment resulted in an increase to 3-fold in insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) and to 5-fold in IGF-I receptor mRNA in primordial follicle oocytes. DHT effects were comparable to those of testosterone, showing that these are androgen receptor-mediated phenomena. These data show that androgens promote initiation of primordial follicle growth and implicate oocyte-derived IGF-I in this activation process.
This article was published in Biol Reprod
and referenced in Reproductive System & Sexual Disorders: Current Research