Author(s): Sloniewsky D
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Abstract This article describes the incidence and etiology of anemia in critically ill children. In addition, the article details the pathophysiology and clinical ramifications of anemia in this population. The use of transfused packed red blood cells as a therapy for anemia in critically ill patients is also discussed, including the indications for and complications associated with this practice as well as potential reasons for these complications. Finally, the article lists some therapeutic practices that may lessen the risks associated with transfusion, and briefly discusses the use of blood substitutes. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Crit Care Clin
and referenced in Journal of Perioperative & Critical Intensive Care Nursing