alexa Anemia in pregnancy in the highlands of Tanzania.
Medicine

Medicine

Advanced Techniques in Biology & Medicine

Author(s): Hinderaker SG, Olsen BE, Bergsj P, Lie RT, Gasheka P, , Hinderaker SG, Olsen BE, Bergsj P, Lie RT, Gasheka P,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND: Anemia in pregnancy is common in Tanzania, but many areas have not been investigated. This study describes prevalence and determinants of anemia among rural pregnant women living at 1300-2200 meters above sea level in Northern Tanzania. METHODS: Three thousand eight hundred and thirty-six pregnant women from two rural divisions of Mbulu and Hanang districts attending antenatal clinic between January 1995 and March 1996 were assessed in a cross-sectional study. Blood samples were examined for hemoglobin concentration (Hb) and thick blood slide (BS) for malaria. Information on date of examination, village, age, ethnic and religious affiliation, gestational age, and parity was recorded. Altitude was derived from official maps. Main outcome measures were mean Hb level and risk of anemia defined as a Hb of less than 9.0 g/dl. RESULTS: Hb levels ranged from 4.5 to 18.1 g/dl, and mean was 12.1 g/dl. Twenty-three per cent had a Hb of less than 11 g/dl, 4.6\% less than 9 g/dl and 0.5\% less than 7 g/dl; standardized to sea level 36.1\%, 8.8\%, and 1.1\%, respectively. The mean Hb increased by 0.3 g/dl per 200 m increased altitude, and the risk of anemia decreased with a factor of 0.6 per 200 m increased altitude. We found higher risk of anemia at higher maternal age (1.2 times increased risk per 5 years). Furthermore, the Datoga tribe had twice the risk of anemia compared with the Iraqw. The risk of anemia was only half at 3-4 months of gestation compared to at 7-8 months. The risk increased six-fold in the rainy season of 1995, and the risk was almost double among those with malaria parasitemia. CONCLUSIONS: Anemia in pregnancy was common in this area of high altitude in rural Tanzania, but less prevalent than indicated by studies from most other parts of the country. The study confirms that preventing anemia is a challenge in preventive antenatal care in the highlands of Tanzania. Studies focussing on the specific etiologic agents are needed.
This article was published in Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand and referenced in Advanced Techniques in Biology & Medicine

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords