Author(s): Elisha S, Boytim M, Bordi S, Heiner J, Nagelhout J, , Elisha S, Boytim M, Bordi S, Heiner J, Nagelhout J,
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Abstract An intimate knowledge of the anatomy, physiology, pathophysiology, pharmacology, and specific issues related to anesthesia case management for thyroidectomy is essential to provide high-quality care. Airway management may be difficult despite a normal airway examination due to impingement of a thyroid mass on the laryngeal and tracheal structures. Anesthetists must be prepared to use emergency airway adjuncts in case a patient cannot be ventilated or intubated. Because sympathetic nervous system hyperactivity is associated with increased amounts of thyroid hormone, it is essential that all patients having an elective thyroidectomy be in a euthyroid state before surgery. There are multiple preoperative antithyroid medication regimens that effectively treat thyroid hormone hypersecretion. However, although a rare event, thyroid storm can still occur during the perioperative period. Anesthetic considerations and surgical complications are presented.
This article was published in AANA J
and referenced in Journal of General Practice