Author(s): Lefaucheur JP, Gjata B, Lafont H, Sebille A
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Abstract Injured skeletal muscle degeneration comprises early microvascular changes and inflammatory cell infiltration, possibly under the control of several growth factors. We have studied the role of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF1), and transforming growth factor beta-1 (TGF beta 1), by injecting specific anti-growth factor neutralizing antibodies into mouse extensor digitorum longus muscle at the time of injury (denervation and devascularization). Four days later, at the height of damaged myofiber phagocytosis, we assessed quantitatively revascularization, phagocytic activity, and inflammation. The immune neutralization of bFGF reduced the number of capillaries, macrophages and mast cells, and delayed necrotic myofiber phagocytosis. The immune neutralization of IGF1 or TFG beta 1 promoted muscle revascularization, macrophage infiltration and necrotic myofiber phagocytosis. While IGF1 neutralization reduced the number of mast cells and did not modify that of T-cells or neutrophils, TGF beta 1 neutralization increased the number of all of these cells. This study strongly suggests differing roles for bFGF, IGF1 and TFG beta 1 in angiogenic and inflammatory responses during muscle degeneration, apart from their known effects on the behaviour of myogenic cells.
This article was published in J Neuroimmunol
and referenced in Journal of Sports Medicine & Doping Studies