Author(s): Soares AB, de Arajo VC, Juliano PB, Altemani A
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Abstract BACKGROUND: Recurrent pleomorphic adenoma (RPA) is an uncommon and challenging disease. The aim of this study was to determine if there is a difference between RPA and the pleomorphic adenoma (PA) without recurrence related to tumor blood and lymphatic vascularization. Moreover, we compared the microvessel density (MVD) between cell-rich areas (predominance of epithelial cells) and cell-poor areas (predominance of myxoid and chondroid areas) of the stroma of PA and RPA. In addition, immunohistochemical staining for the Ki-67 antigen was conducted simultaneously to evaluate cell proliferation in PA and RPA. METHODS: A total of 19 cases of PA and 24 cases of RPA, blood, and lymphatic vessels were analyzed by immunohistochemical technique using the antibodies CD34, CD105, D2-40, and Ki-67. RESULTS: Comparing no recurrent with recurrent tumor, no significant difference was found in terms of lymphatic vessel density, MVD, and proliferation index. When MVD and proliferation index were compared with different areas in cellular composition (cell-rich and cell-poor areas), there was a significant difference in PA, as well as in RPA. CONCLUSION: This study shows that although RPA presents more aggressive clinical behavior than PA, there is no difference between tumor blood and lymphatic vascularization, suggesting that there is no correlation between vascularity and risk of recurrence. Furthermore, vascularized stroma in PA, as well as RPA, depends on the proportion of the cellular composition.
This article was published in J Oral Pathol Med
and referenced in Diagnostic Pathology: Open Access