Author(s): Kim I, Moon SO, Park SK, Chae SW, Koh GY
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Abstract Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and angiopoietin-1 (Ang1) are potent vasculogenic and angiogenic factors that hold promise as a means to produce therapeutic vascularization and angiogenesis. However, VEGF also acts as a proinflammatory cytokine by inducing adhesion molecules that bind leukocytes to endothelial cells, an initial and essential step toward inflammation. In the present study, we used human umbilical vascular endothelial cells (HUVECs) to examine the effect of Ang1 on VEGF-induced expression of three adhesion molecules: intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1), and E-selectin. Interestingly, Ang1 suppressed VEGF-induced expression of these adhesion molecules. Furthermore, Ang1 reduced VEGF-induced leukocyte adhesion to HUVECs. These results demonstrate that Ang1 counteracts VEGF-induced inflammation by reducing VEGF-induced endothelial adhesiveness.
This article was published in Circ Res
and referenced in Journal of Pulmonary & Respiratory Medicine