alexa Angiotensin I converting enzyme inhibitors and the renal excretion of urate.
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Journal of Bioequivalence & Bioavailability

Author(s): Leary WP, Reyes AJ

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Abstract Hyperuricaemia carries with it a high risk of tophi development affecting connective tissue in kidney, skin and joints, its overt clinical expression being gout. Diuretics, which are invariably prescribed in congestive heart failure and widely used for the treatment of essential hypertension, may cause hyperuricaemia and predispose to gout by inducing renal retention of urate. The angiotensin I converting enzyme inhibitors captopril and enalapril have been found to augment renal urate excretion both in normal volunteers and in hypertensive patients. Current evidence appears to indicate that the uricosuric effect of captopril and enalapril could be due to the rises in renin and angiotensin I these drugs elicit by angiotensin I converting enzyme inhibition, and/or to pharmacological actions not related, at least directly, to the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system. Serum urate levels have been significantly reduced by monotherapy with captopril in hypertensive patients suffering from hyperuricaemia. Diuretic-induced hyperuricaemia in hypertensive patients can be prevented or counteracted by the administration of captopril and enalapril. Available clinical data support the argument that captopril and enalapril should be used as first choice drugs for the treatment of hyperuricaemic hypertensive patients. When diuretic-induced hyperuricaemia develops in patients suffering from congestive heart failure, captopril or enalapril should be added to the therapeutic regime in doses capable of countering the shift in plasma urate concentration, provided the clinical condition of the patients permits such additional pharmacological treatment. Therapy with captopril and enalapril should preferably be instituted in a gradual manner, especially in patients with hyperuricaemia, in order to prevent the precipitation of urate in the kidney and in the urinary tract.
This article was published in Cardiovasc Drugs Ther and referenced in Journal of Bioequivalence & Bioavailability

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