alexa Angiotensin II type 1 receptor blocker telmisartan suppresses superoxide production and reduces atherosclerotic lesion formation in apolipoprotein E-deficient mice


Journal of Hypertension: Open Access

Author(s): Tomofumi Takaya, Seinosuke Kawashima, Masakazu Shinohara, Ryuji Toh, Tomoya Yamashita

Abstract Share this page

Angiotensin II is involved in the process of atherosclerosis and stimulates superoxide production from cardiovascular cells. We examined the effect of telmisartan, an angiotensin II type 1 receptor blocker, on atherosclerosis. We chronically treated apolipoprotein E-deficient mice with two different doses of telmisartan dissolved in drinking water (0.3 and 3 mg/kg) starting from 4 weeks of age for 12 weeks. Lipid contents were not different in both telmisartan-treated groups compared with control group. Systolic blood pressure was significantly reduced with 3 mg/kg, but unchanged with 0.3 mg/kg. The total atherosclerotic lesion size at the aortic sinus was reduced with 0.3 mg/kg compared with control, and additional reduction was proved with 3 mg/kg. The fibrotic change was not different among three groups, but MOMA-2-, malondialdehyde-, 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal-immunostained areas were reduced by telmisartan. As the mechanism, we revealed that both doses of telmisartan markedly reduced superoxide production from in situ vessels assessed by lucigenin-enhanced chemiluminescence and dihydroethidium staining. And NAD(P)H dependent oxidase activity in vessels was reduced by telmisartan. Further, 8-iso-prostaglandin F2α level, a systemic oxidative stress marker, obtained from urine and plasma samples were significantly reduced by telmisartan. Telmisartan reduced atherosclerosis in apolipoprotein E-deficient mice at least partly via the suppression of oxidative stress.

  • To read the full article Visit
  • Subscription
This article was published in Atherosclerosis and referenced in Journal of Hypertension: Open Access

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version