alexa Angiotensin II type 1 receptor modulation of neuronal K+ and Ca2+ currents: intracellular mechanisms.

Journal of Autacoids and Hormones

Author(s): Sumners C, Zhu M, Gelband CH, Posner P

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Abstract Angiotensin II (ANG II) elicits an ANG II type 1 (AT1) receptor-mediated decrease in voltage-dependent K+ current (Ik) and an increase in voltage-dependent Ca2+ current (ICa) in neurons cocultured from newborn rat hypothalamus and brain stem. Modulation of these currents by ANG II involves intracellular messengers that result from an AT1 receptor-mediated stimulation of phosphoinositide hydrolysis. For example, the effects of ANG II on IK and ICa were abolished by phospholipase C antagonists. The reduction in IK produced by ANG II was attenuated by either protein kinase C (PKC) antagonists or by chelation of intracellular Ca2+. By contrast, PKC antagonism abolished the stimulatory effect of ANG II on ICa. Superfusion of the PKC activator phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate produced effects on IK and ICa similar to those observed after ANG II. Furthermore, intracellular application of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) elicited a significant reduction in IK. This suggests that the AT1 receptor-mediated changes in neuronal K+ and Ca2+ currents involve PKC (both IK and ICa) and IP3 and/or intracellular Ca2+ (IK).
This article was published in Am J Physiol and referenced in Journal of Autacoids and Hormones

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