Author(s): Teeple E, Jay GD, Elsaid KA, Fleming BC, Teeple E, Jay GD, Elsaid KA, Fleming BC
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Abstract Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common musculoskeletal disease, affecting millions of individuals worldwide. New treatment approaches require an understanding of the pathophysiology of OA and its biomechanical, inflammatory, genetic, and environmental risk factors. The purpose of animal models of OA is to reproduce the pattern and progression of degenerative damage in a controlled fashion, so that opportunities to monitor and modulate symptoms and disease progression can be identified and new therapies developed. This review discusses the features, strengths, and weaknesses of the common animal models of OA; considerations to be taken when choosing a method for experimental induction of joint degeneration; and the challenges of measuring of OA progression and symptoms in these models.
This article was published in AAPS J
and referenced in Journal of Osteoarthritis