Author(s): Nihal A, Gellman RE, Embil JM, Trepman E
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Abstract Numerous techniques for ankle arthrodesis have been reported since the original description of compression arthrodesis. From the early 1950s to the mid 1970s, external fixation was the dominant technique utilized. In the late 1970s and 1980s, internal fixation techniques for ankle arthrodesis were developed. In the 1990s, arthroscopic ankle arthrodesis was developed for ankle arthrosis with minimal or no deformity. The open technique is still widely used for ankle arthrosis with major deformity. For complex cases that involve nonunion, extensive bone loss, Charcot arthropathy, or infection, multiplanar external fixation with an Ilizarov device, with or without a bone graft, may achieve successful union. The fusion rate in most of the recently published studies is 85\% or greater, and may depend on the presence of infection, deformity, avascular necrosis, and nonunion.
This article was published in Foot Ankle Surg
and referenced in Orthopedic & Muscular System: Current Research