Author(s): Brownstein C, Deora AB, Jacovina AT, Weintraub R, Gertler M,
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Abstract Monocytes and macrophages participate in a wide variety of host defense mechanisms. Annexin II, a fibrinolytic receptor, binds plasminogen and tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) independently at the cell surface, thereby enhancing the catalytic efficiency of plasmin production. We demonstrated previously that annexin II on the surface of both cultured monocytoid cells and monocyte-derived macrophages promotes their ability to remodel extracellular matrix. Here, we demonstrate that human peripheral blood monocytes represent the major circulating annexin II-expressing cell. Annexin II supported t-PA-dependent generation of cell surface plasmin and the matrix-penetrating activity of human monocytes. Compared to polymorphonuclear leukocytes, monocytes supported a 12.9-fold greater rate of plasmin generation in the presence of exogenous t-PA, and this activity was largely attributable to annexin II. Likewise, anti-annexin II IgG directed against the t-PA-binding tail domain inhibited plasminogen-dependent, cytokine-directed monocyte migration through extracellular matrix. On differentiation of monocytes to macrophages, there was a 2.4-fold increase in annexin II-specific mRNA, and a 7.9-fold increase in surface annexin II. Thioglycolate-elicited peritoneal macrophages, furthermore, displayed an additional 3.8-fold increase in annexin II surface expression compared with resident cells. Thus, annexin II-mediated assembly of plasminogen and t-PA on monocyte/macrophages contributes to plasmin generation, matrix remodeling, and directed migration.
This article was published in Blood
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