Author(s): Ishii Y, Blundell JE, Halford JC, Upton N, Porter R,
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Abstract Acute systemic treatment with the selective orexin-1 receptor antagonist SB-334867 (30 mg/kg, i.p.) has been reported not only to inhibit food intake and to accelerate behavioural satiety in rats, but also to produce a significant loss of bodyweight over the 24 h period post-dosing. The present studies were designed to test the hypothesis that the inhibition of weight gain following acute treatment with SB-334867 is due to a persistent anorectic action of the compound. In Experiment 1, the acute effects of SB-334867 (30 mg/kg, i.p.) on food intake and behaviour in a 1 h test with palatable mash were assessed as a function of injection-test interval. Results confirmed that, when administered 30 min prior to testing, SB-334867 significantly suppressed mash intake and accelerated behavioural satiety. More importantly, significant anorexia and behavioural change were also observed when animals were tested 24 h, but not 48 h, post-dosing. As previously reported, all animals treated with the orexin-1 receptor antagonist lost bodyweight over the 24 h period following acute treatment. The generality of these findings was confirmed in Experiment 2, where acute treatment with SB-334867 (30 mg/kg, i.p.) significantly suppressed home cage chow consumption over the 24 h period post-dosing, an effect also accompanied by a significant loss of bodyweight. The results of Experiment 3 showed that, following i.p. administration of 30 mg/kg, SB-334867 has good CNS penetration, reaches peak plasma and brain concentrations at 30 min, and maintains good exposure over 4 h post-dosing. Overall, current data support the hypothesis that a persistent anorectic action contributes to the significant loss of bodyweight observed 24 h following acute dosing with SB-334867. As the compound is virtually undetectable in plasma or brain beyond 8 h post-dosing, and since nothing is known about potentially active metabolites, we consider the possibility that single dose treatment with SB-334867 results in enduring alterations to the orexin-1 receptor and/or downstream signalling pathways.
This article was published in Behav Brain Res
and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy