Author(s): Brown CA, Chan SL, Stillings MR, Smith SA, Morgan NG
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Abstract 1. The imidazoline alpha 2-adrenoceptor antagonist, efaroxan, stimulates insulin secretion from rat isolated islets and antagonizes the ability of diazoxide to inhibit glucose-induced insulin secretion. These effects result from closure of ATP-sensitive potassium channels although the mechanisms involved have not been elucidated. 2. In the present work, we have examined the effects of a close structural analogue of efaroxan, RX801080, in rat isolated islets of Langerhans. RX801080 was found to be ineffective as a stimulator of insulin secretion and did not prevent the inhibition of insulin secretion mediated by diazoxide. 3. RX801080 acted as an antagonist of the actions of several imidazolines (efaroxan, phentolamine and midaglizole) in rat islets. It dose-dependently inhibited the ability of efaroxan to antagonize the effects of diazoxide in islets and also completely inhibited the direct stimulation of insulin secretion mediated by efaroxan. 4. RX801080 also antagonized the effects of the non-imidazoline, ATP-sensitive potassium channel blocker, glibenclamide, in rat islets. It inhibited both the capacity of glibenclamide to stimulate insulin secretion and the ability of glibenclamide to overcome the inhibitory effects of diazoxide in rat islets. 5. Antagonism of glibenclamide responses by RX801080 was not due to inhibition of binding of the sulphonylurea to its receptor on the pancreatic beta-cell. 6. The results suggest that imidazoline compounds and sulphonylureas interact with distinct binding sites on islet cells, but that these sites can interact functionally to control islet cell ATP-sensitive potassium channel activity and insulin secretion.
This article was published in Br J Pharmacol
and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism