Author(s): RodrguezNieto S, GonzlezIriarte M, Carmona R, MuozChpuli R, Medina MA,
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Abstract (+)-aeroplysinin-1, an antibacterial brominated compound produced by certain sponges, was selected during a blind high-throughput screening for new potential antiangiogenic compounds obtained from marine organisms. In a variety of experimental systems, representing the sequential events of the angiogenic process, aeroplysinin-1 treatment of endothelial cells resulted in strong inhibitory effects. Aeroplysinin-1 inhibited the growth of endothelial cells in culture and induced endothelial cell apoptosis. Capillary tube formation on Matrigel was completely abrogated by addition of aeroplysinin-1 at the low micromolar range. Aeroplysinin-1 also exhibited a clear inhibitory effect on the migration capabilities of endothelial cells. Zymographic assays showed that aeroplysinin-1 treatment produced a decrease in the concentration of matrix metalloproteinase-2 and urokinase in conditioned medium from endothelial cells. Finally, aeroplysinin-1 exhibited a dose-dependent inhibitory effect on the in vivo chorioallantoic membrane assay, showing potent apoptosis-inducing activity in the developing endothelium. The in vivo inhibition of angiogenesis by aeroplysinin-1 was confirmed by the Matrigel plug assay. Together, our data indicate that aeroplysinin-1 is a compound that interferes with key events in angiogenesis, making it a promising drug for further evaluation in the treatment of angiogenesis-related pathologies.
This article was published in FASEB J
and referenced in Journal of Traditional Medicine & Clinical Naturopathy