Author(s): Agas D, Marchetti L, Menghi G, Materazzi S, Materazzi G,
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Abstract In this study, we investigated the role of prostaglandin F2alpha (PGF2alpha) in mouse osteoblast survival and the function of fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF-2) and fibroblast growth factor receptor 1 (FGFR1) in this process. In particular, for the first time, we demonstrated that PGF2alpha increased osteoblast survival in a dose-dependent manner and we showed that the effect is correlated with an increase in Bcl-2/Bax ratio. Furthermore, we demonstrated that PGF2alpha caused a decrement of the active caspases 9 and 3. By blocking FGF-2 with the specific neutralizing antibody and by depletion of FGFR1 gene with a specific siRNA, we showed that FGFR1 and FGF-2 are critical for the increment of Bcl-2/Bax ratio and the decrement of the active caspases 9 and 3, induced by PGF2alpha. Moreover, transmission electron microscopy studies showed that PGF2alpha increased binding of FGF-2 and FGFR1 and co-localization of reactive sites at plasma membrane level. In conclusion, we report a novel mechanism in which PGF2alpha induces FGF-2 binding to its specific cell surface receptor 1 leading to a cascade pathway that culminates with increased mouse osteoblast survival. (c) 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
This article was published in J Cell Physiol
and referenced in Journal of Cancer Science & Therapy