Author(s): Kinoshita M, Nakatsuji Y, Kimura T, Moriya M, Takata K,
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Abstract Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) is an inflammatory demyelinating disease of the central nervous system (CNS). Anti-aquaporin-4 antibody (AQP4-Ab) is a highly specific serum autoantibody that is detected in patients with NMO. Several lines of evidence indicate that AQP4-Ab not only serves as a disease marker but also plays a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of NMO. Although the pathogenicity of AQP4-Ab in vivo has recently been demonstrated, the presence of CNS antigen-specific T cells is recognized as a prerequisite for the antibody to exert pathogenic effects. Thus, it remains unclear whether AQP4-Ab is the primary cause of the disease or a disease-modifying factor in NMO. Here we report that pre-treatment with complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) alone is sufficient for AQP4-Ab to induce astrocytic damage in vivo. Our results show the primary pathogenic role of AQP4-Ab in the absence of CNS antigen-specific T cells, and suggest that danger signals provided by nonspecific inflammation can be a trigger for those who harbor the autoantibody to develop NMO. Copyright (c) 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Biochem Biophys Res Commun
and referenced in Journal of Alzheimers Disease & Parkinsonism