alexa Antibacterial action of ciprofloxacin.
Genetics & Molecular Biology

Genetics & Molecular Biology

Journal of Molecular Biomarkers & Diagnosis

Author(s): Mason DJ, Power EG, Talsania H, Phillips I, Gant VA

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The mechanisms by which quinolones rapidly kill are ill defined. We have investigated the action of ciprofloxacin on Escherichia coli KL16 with a combination of traditional and flow cytometric methods and have analyzed cells for changes in membrane potential, membrane integrity, oxidative metabolism, morphology, and viability. Log-phase cultures were exposed to various concentrations (0.1, 1, 10, and 100 times the MIC) of ciprofloxacin and analyzed at regular intervals over 120 min. We also measured protein synthesis in the related strain PQ37 cultured under the same conditions over 300 min, using a colorimetric assay for beta-galactosidase release. Despite a 3-log order decrease in CFU after 60-min exposure to 10 and 100 times the MIC of ciprofloxacin, there was no equivalent decrease in bacterial numbers as determined by both light microscopy and flow cytometry. Furthermore, while these bacteria showed concentration-dependent morphological changes, most were capable not only of excluding the fluorescent nucleic acid-binding dye propidium iodide, but also of reducing the tetrazolium dye cyanoditodyl tetrazolium chloride. Over 90\% of the bacteria maintained a membrane potential [as determined by exclusion of bis-[1,3-dibutylbarbituric acid) trimethine oxonol] when exposed to ciprofloxacin for 120 min, except at 100 times the MIC, when this figure fell to < 10\%. Finally, protein synthesis was either maintained or induced at all concentrations of ciprofloxacin up to 5 h postexposure. Taken together, these results demonstrate the continuing physical and metabolic survival of ciprofloxacin-exposed bacteria; we suggest parallels with the concept of the viable nonculturable state.
This article was published in Antimicrob Agents Chemother and referenced in Journal of Molecular Biomarkers & Diagnosis

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • 9th International Conference and Expo on Molecular & Cancer Biomarkers
    August 23-24, 2017 Birmingham, UK
  • 2nd International Conference on Medical Imaging and Diagnosis
    London, UK
  • 22nd International Conference on Cancer Drugs and Therapeutics
    Paris, France
  • International Conference on Oncology Nursing and Cancer Care
    Singapore City, Singapore
  • World Summit on Cell Signalling and Cancer Therapy
    Toronto, Canada
  • International Conference on Radiology and Imaging
    New York, USA

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords