alexa Antibacterial activity of crude extracts of Euphorbia hirta against some bacteria associated with enteric infections
Biochemistry

Biochemistry

Journal of Plant Biochemistry & Physiology

Author(s): ElMahmood Muhammad Abubakar

Abstract Share this page

Euphorbia hirta powdered plant material was extracted using 3 solvents methanol, hexane and distilled water. The water extracts provided the higher yield and also more antibacterial effectiveness than when organic solvents were used. Phytochemical screening of the crude extracts revealed the presence of tannins, saponins, phenolics, flavonoids, cardiac glycosides, anthroquinones and alkaloids. This presence of these bioactive constituents have been linked to the antimicrobial activity of the plant material, the agar well diffusion method was used to determine the antimicrobial activity against Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae. Shigella dysentriae, Salmonella typhi and Proteus mirabilis, a group of gram-negative bacteria that frequently cause enteric infections in humans. Minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) values ranged from 25 to 100 mg/ml. The growth of all the bacteria were inhibited though to varying degrees, thus justifying the use of the herb in traditional medicine in treating enteric infections, with E. coli and S. typhi being more susceptible, the antibacterial activity of the plant material is enhanced under acidic conditions and at elevated temperatures. The herb E. hirta can be used as source of oral drugs to fight infections caused by susceptible bacteria.

This article was published in Journal of Medicinal Plants Research and referenced in Journal of Plant Biochemistry & Physiology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

bu[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords