alexa Antibiotic prescribing trends in a paediatric sub-population in Ireland.
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmacoeconomics: Open Access

Author(s): Keogh C, Motterlini N, Reulbach U, Bennett K, Fahey T

Abstract Share this page

Abstract PURPOSE: Little is known about antibiotic prescribing in Irish children. This study aims to examine antibiotic prescribing patterns in Irish children and associated costs and to compare this with European findings. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of the Irish Health Services Executive (HSE) pharmacy claims database 2004-2009 for the General Medical Services (GMS) scheme for dispensed medications. This represents 28\% of Irish children but over-represents lower socio-economic groups. Overall prescribing rates were reported over time (2004-2009), age (0-4, 5-11, 12-15 years) and gender. Statistical comparison is made using negative binomial regression. Overall prescribing rates for the most commonly prescribed drugs were calculated. Associated cost of prescribing also was calculated. European prescribing data were retrieved from the literature. RESULTS: Rates remained stable from 2004 (631/1000 GMS population; 95\%CI 628-634) to 2009 (621/1000; 95\%CI 618-624). An interaction effect emerged between gender and age. Rates were generally higher for girls, except for the boys aged 0-4 years. The preferred choice of agents changed across years, with co-amoxiclav becoming the most prescribed drug in 2009 (308/1000; 95\%CI 306-310). The total cost of antibiotics increased from €4.4 million in 2004 to €6.0 million in 2009. Higher overall rates of antibiotic prescribing emerged compared with available European data. Differences were observed between prescribing of some first-line and second-line drugs. CONCLUSIONS: Age and gender trends are consistent with international literature. However, Ireland has higher overall prescribing rates relative to some European countries. This suggests that a quality improvement in prescribing intervention is warranted. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. This article was published in Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf and referenced in Pharmacoeconomics: Open Access

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

OMICS International Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version