Author(s): Palakurthi SS, Aktas H, Grubissich LM, Mortensen RM, Halperin JA
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Abstract The thiazolidinedione (TZD) class of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) gamma ligands, known for their ability to induce adipocyte differentiation and increase insulin sensitivity, also exhibits anticancer properties. Currently, TZDs are being tested in clinical trials for treatment of human cancers expressing high levels of PPARgamma because it is assumed that activation of PPARgamma mediates their anticancer activity. Using PPARgamma(-/-) and PPARgamma(+/+) mouse embryonic stem cells, we report here that inhibition of cell proliferation and tumor growth by TZDs is independent of PPARgamma. Our studies demonstrate that these compounds block G(1)-S transition by inhibiting translation initiation. Inhibition of translation initiation is the consequence of partial depletion of intracellular calcium stores and the resulting activation of protein kinase R that phosphorylates the alpha subunit of eukaryotic initiation factor 2 (eIF2), thus rendering eIF2 inactive. PPARgamma-independent inhibition of translation initiation most likely accounts for the anticancer properties of thiazolidinediones.
This article was published in Cancer Res
and referenced in Journal of Cytology & Histology