Author(s): Hurez V, Kaveri SV, Mouhoub A, Dietrich G, Mani JC,
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Abstract The effects of intravenously administered normal immunoglobulin G (IVIg) in autoimmune diseases are dependent on the ability of IVIg to interact with surface molecules of lymphocytes. In the present study, we demonstrate the presence of anti-CD4 activity in IVIg by showing the ability of IVIg to bind to CD4 and to inhibit CD4-dependent cellular functions. Binding of IVIg to recombinant soluble human CD4 was assessed by ELISA, immunoblotting and real time analysis of complex formation. Anti-CD4 antibodies isolated from IVIg by affinity-chromatography bound to human CD4+ T cells. These anti-CD4 antibodies inhibited proliferative responses in MLR and infection of CD4+ human T cells with HIV. These results indicate that IVIg contains antibodies reactive with human CD4 and that these anti-CD4 antibodies exhibit biological functions. The presence of anti-CD4 antibodies in IVIg may be relevant to the immunoregulatory effects of normal polyspecific immunoglobulin G.
This article was published in Ther Immunol
and referenced in Biochemistry & Analytical Biochemistry