alexa Anti-CD74 antibody-doxorubicin conjugate, IMMU-110, in a human multiple myeloma xenograft and in monkeys.
Chemistry

Chemistry

Medicinal Chemistry

Author(s): Sapra P, Stein R, Pickett J, Qu Z, Govindan SV,

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Abstract PURPOSE: IMMU-110 is a drug immunoconjugate composed of doxorubicin conjugated to the humanized anti-CD74 monoclonal antibody, hLL1, at a doxorubicin/monoclonal antibody ratio of approximately 8:1 (mol/mol). CD74 is a rapidly internalizing molecule associated with HLA-DR, which has high expression by several tumor types. Here, we describe safety evaluations of IMMU-110 in mice and monkeys as well as efficacy studies in a xenograft model of the human multiple myeloma cell line, MC/CAR. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: In vitro binding of IMMU-110 was determined by a cell-based ELISA and cytotoxicity of IMMU-110 assayed with a tetrazolium assay. Pharmacokinetics and biodistribution of radiolabeled IMMU-110 were examined in tumor-free BALB/c mice, and the therapeutic effectiveness was evaluated in severe combined immunodeficient mice bearing MC/CAR cells. Acute toxicity of IMMU-110 was studied in CD74-positive cynomolgus monkeys (Macaca fascicularis). RESULTS: In vitro, IMMU-110 specifically binds to CD74 and is cytotoxic against MC/CAR cells. In vivo, IMMU-110 displayed a pharmacokinetic and biodistribution profile identical to that of unconjugated hLL1 monoclonal antibody, except for higher kidney uptake. Treatment with a single dose of IMMU-110 as low as 50 microg antibody/mouse (or 1.4 microg doxorubicin/mouse), 5 days postinjection of the multiple myeloma cells, resulted in cure of most mice. In mice, no host toxicity of IMMU-110 was observed at the highest protein dose tested (125 mg/kg). In cynomolgus monkeys, bone marrow toxicity was observed at 30 and 90 mg/kg doses. CONCLUSIONS: The excellent safety and efficacy profile of IMMU-110 supports clinical testing of this immunoconjugate in the treatment of CD74-positive B-cell malignancies. This article was published in Clin Cancer Res and referenced in Medicinal Chemistry

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