alexa Anticonvulsant phenytoin affects voltage-gated potassium currents in cerebellar granule cells.


International Journal of Neurorehabilitation

Author(s): Pisciotta M, Prestipino G

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The anticonvulsant drug phenytoin (diphenylhydantoin, DPH) was examined for its action on potassium currents in cerebellar granule cells using the whole-cell patch-clamp technique. Granular cells expressed two main types of voltage-dependent potassium currents: the first, sensitive to Tetraethylammonium ion (TEA), resembles a delayed rectifier K(+) channel (I(d)); the second shows biophysical and pharmacological properties similar to an I(A)-type potassium current. Phenytoin blocks the I(A) current in a dose-dependent manner, with an apparent dissociation constant K(d) of (73+/-7) microM. The drug shifts the steady-state inactivation curves towards a more negative potential, stabilizing the inactivated state, while the activation kinetics remain unaffected. The estimated K(d) when the cell is held to -100 mV (closed state of the channel) is 145+/-8 microM which decreases to 35+/-10 microM at -80 mV holding potential (partial inactivation of the channel). Phenytoin shows a discriminant behaviour between the two different types of potassium channels because at high concentration the effect of the drug on the delayed rectifier K(+) channel is negligible.
This article was published in Brain Res and referenced in International Journal of Neurorehabilitation

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version